DBusProxy

gio.DBusProxy is a base class used for proxies to access a D-Bus interface on a remote object. A gio.DBusProxy can be constructed for both well-known and unique names.

By default, gio.DBusProxy will cache all properties (and listen to changes) of the remote object, and proxy all signals that get emitted. This behaviour can be changed by passing suitable GDBusProxyFlags when the proxy is created. If the proxy is for a well-known name, the property cache is flushed when the name owner vanishes and reloaded when a name owner appears.

If a gio.DBusProxy is used for a well-known name, the owner of the name is tracked and can be read from g-name-owner. Connect to the notify signal to get notified of changes. Additionally, only signals and property changes emitted from the current name owner are considered and calls are always sent to the current name owner. This avoids a number of race conditions when the name is lost by one owner and claimed by another. However, if no name owner currently exists, then calls will be sent to the well-known name which may result in the message bus launching an owner (unless G_DBUS_PROXY_FLAGS_DO_NOT_AUTO_START is set).

The generic g-properties-changed and g-signal signals are not very convenient to work with. Therefore, the recommended way of working with proxies is to subclass gio.DBusProxy, and have more natural properties and signals in your derived class. This example[gdbus-example-gdbus-codegen] shows how this can easily be done using the [gdbus-codegen][gdbus-codegen] tool.

A gio.DBusProxy instance can be used from multiple threads but note that all signals (e.g. g-signal, g-properties-changed and notify) are emitted in the [thread-default main context][g-main-context-push-thread-default] of the thread where the instance was constructed.

An example using a proxy for a well-known name can be found in gdbus-example-watch-proxy.c

class DBusProxy : ObjectG , AsyncInitableIF , DBusInterfaceIF , InitableIF {}

Constructors

this
this(GDBusProxy* gDBusProxy, bool ownedRef = false)

Sets our main struct and passes it to the parent class.

this
this(AsyncResultIF res, bool forBus = false)

Finishes creating a GDBusProxy.

this
this(GBusType busType, GDBusProxyFlags flags, DBusInterfaceInfo info, string name, string objectPath, string interfaceName, Cancellable cancellable)

Like g_dbus_proxy_new_sync() but takes a GBusType instead of a gio.DBusConnection

this
this(DBusConnection connection, GDBusProxyFlags flags, DBusInterfaceInfo info, string name, string objectPath, string interfaceName, Cancellable cancellable)

Creates a proxy for accessing interface_name on the remote object at object_path owned by name at connection and synchronously loads D-Bus properties unless the G_DBUS_PROXY_FLAGS_DO_NOT_LOAD_PROPERTIES flag is used.

Members

Functions

addOnGPropertiesChanged
gulong addOnGPropertiesChanged(void delegate(Variant, string[], DBusProxy) dlg, ConnectFlags connectFlags = cast(ConnectFlags)0)

Emitted when one or more D-Bus properties on proxy changes. The local cache has already been updated when this signal fires. Note that both changed_properties and invalidated_properties are guaranteed to never be NULL (either may be empty though).

addOnGSignal
gulong addOnGSignal(void delegate(string, string, Variant, DBusProxy) dlg, ConnectFlags connectFlags = cast(ConnectFlags)0)

Emitted when a signal from the remote object and interface that proxy is for, has been received.

call
void call(string methodName, Variant parameters, GDBusCallFlags flags, int timeoutMsec, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Asynchronously invokes the method_name method on proxy.

callFinish
Variant callFinish(AsyncResultIF res)

Finishes an operation started with g_dbus_proxy_call().

callSync
Variant callSync(string methodName, Variant parameters, GDBusCallFlags flags, int timeoutMsec, Cancellable cancellable)

Synchronously invokes the method_name method on proxy.

callWithUnixFdList
void callWithUnixFdList(string methodName, Variant parameters, GDBusCallFlags flags, int timeoutMsec, UnixFDList fdList, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Like g_dbus_proxy_call() but also takes a gio.UnixFDList object.

callWithUnixFdListFinish
Variant callWithUnixFdListFinish(out UnixFDList outFdList, AsyncResultIF res)

Finishes an operation started with g_dbus_proxy_call_with_unix_fd_list().

callWithUnixFdListSync
Variant callWithUnixFdListSync(string methodName, Variant parameters, GDBusCallFlags flags, int timeoutMsec, UnixFDList fdList, out UnixFDList outFdList, Cancellable cancellable)

Like g_dbus_proxy_call_sync() but also takes and returns gio.UnixFDList objects.

getCachedProperty
Variant getCachedProperty(string propertyName)

Looks up the value for a property from the cache. This call does no blocking IO.

getCachedPropertyNames
string[] getCachedPropertyNames()

Gets the names of all cached properties on proxy.

getConnection
DBusConnection getConnection()

Gets the connection proxy is for.

getDBusProxyStruct
GDBusProxy* getDBusProxyStruct(bool transferOwnership = false)

Get the main Gtk struct

getDefaultTimeout
int getDefaultTimeout()

Gets the timeout to use if -1 (specifying default timeout) is passed as timeout_msec in the g_dbus_proxy_call() and g_dbus_proxy_call_sync() functions.

getFlags
GDBusProxyFlags getFlags()

Gets the flags that proxy was constructed with.

getInterfaceInfo
DBusInterfaceInfo getInterfaceInfo()

Returns the gio.DBusInterfaceInfo, if any, specifying the interface that proxy conforms to. See the g-interface-info property for more details.

getInterfaceName
string getInterfaceName()

Gets the D-Bus interface name proxy is for.

getName
string getName()

Gets the name that proxy was constructed for.

getNameOwner
string getNameOwner()

The unique name that owns the name that proxy is for or NULL if no-one currently owns that name. You may connect to the notify signal to track changes to the g-name-owner property.

getObjectPath
string getObjectPath()

Gets the object path proxy is for.

getStruct
void* getStruct()

the main Gtk struct as a void*

setCachedProperty
void setCachedProperty(string propertyName, Variant value)

If value is not NULL, sets the cached value for the property with name property_name to the value in value.

setDefaultTimeout
void setDefaultTimeout(int timeoutMsec)

Sets the timeout to use if -1 (specifying default timeout) is passed as timeout_msec in the g_dbus_proxy_call() and g_dbus_proxy_call_sync() functions.

setInterfaceInfo
void setInterfaceInfo(DBusInterfaceInfo info)

Ensure that interactions with proxy conform to the given interface. See the g-interface-info property for more details.

Static functions

getType
GType getType()
newForBus
void newForBus(GBusType busType, GDBusProxyFlags flags, DBusInterfaceInfo info, string name, string objectPath, string interfaceName, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Like g_dbus_proxy_new() but takes a GBusType instead of a gio.DBusConnection

newProxy
void newProxy(DBusConnection connection, GDBusProxyFlags flags, DBusInterfaceInfo info, string name, string objectPath, string interfaceName, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Creates a proxy for accessing interface_name on the remote object at object_path owned by name at connection and asynchronously loads D-Bus properties unless the G_DBUS_PROXY_FLAGS_DO_NOT_LOAD_PROPERTIES flag is used. Connect to the g-properties-changed signal to get notified about property changes.

Variables

gDBusProxy
GDBusProxy* gDBusProxy;

the main Gtk struct

Inherited Members

From ObjectG

gObject
GObject* gObject;

the main Gtk struct

getObjectGStruct
GObject* getObjectGStruct(bool transferOwnership = false)

Get the main Gtk struct

getStruct
void* getStruct()

the main Gtk struct as a void*

opCast
T opCast()
getDObject
RT getDObject(U obj, bool ownedRef = false)

Gets a D Object from the objects table of associations.

setProperty
void setProperty(string propertyName, T value)
addOnNotify
gulong addOnNotify(void delegate(ParamSpec, ObjectG) dlg, string property = "", ConnectFlags connectFlags = cast(ConnectFlags)0)

The notify signal is emitted on an object when one of its properties has been changed. Note that getting this signal doesn't guarantee that the value of the property has actually changed, it may also be emitted when the setter for the property is called to reinstate the previous value.

getType
GType getType()
compatControl
size_t compatControl(size_t what, void* data)
interfaceFindProperty
ParamSpec interfaceFindProperty(TypeInterface gIface, string propertyName)

Find the gobject.ParamSpec with the given name for an interface. Generally, the interface vtable passed in as g_iface will be the default vtable from g_type_default_interface_ref(), or, if you know the interface has already been loaded, g_type_default_interface_peek().

interfaceInstallProperty
void interfaceInstallProperty(TypeInterface gIface, ParamSpec pspec)

Add a property to an interface; this is only useful for interfaces that are added to GObject-derived types. Adding a property to an interface forces all objects classes with that interface to have a compatible property. The compatible property could be a newly created gobject.ParamSpec, but normally ObjectClass.overrideProperty will be used so that the object class only needs to provide an implementation and inherits the property description, default value, bounds, and so forth from the interface property.

interfaceListProperties
ParamSpec[] interfaceListProperties(TypeInterface gIface)

Lists the properties of an interface.Generally, the interface vtable passed in as g_iface will be the default vtable from g_type_default_interface_ref(), or, if you know the interface has already been loaded, g_type_default_interface_peek().

addToggleRef
void addToggleRef(GToggleNotify notify, void* data)

Increases the reference count of the object by one and sets a callback to be called when all other references to the object are dropped, or when this is already the last reference to the object and another reference is established.

addWeakPointer
void addWeakPointer(ref void* weakPointerLocation)

Adds a weak reference from weak_pointer to object to indicate that the pointer located at weak_pointer_location is only valid during the lifetime of object. When the object is finalized, weak_pointer will be set to NULL.

bindProperty
Binding bindProperty(string sourceProperty, ObjectG target, string targetProperty, GBindingFlags flags)

Creates a binding between source_property on source and target_property on target. Whenever the source_property is changed the target_property is updated using the same value. For instance:

bindPropertyFull
Binding bindPropertyFull(string sourceProperty, ObjectG target, string targetProperty, GBindingFlags flags, GBindingTransformFunc transformTo, GBindingTransformFunc transformFrom, void* userData, GDestroyNotify notify)

Complete version of g_object_bind_property().

bindPropertyWithClosures
Binding bindPropertyWithClosures(string sourceProperty, ObjectG target, string targetProperty, GBindingFlags flags, Closure transformTo, Closure transformFrom)

Creates a binding between source_property on source and target_property on target, allowing you to set the transformation functions to be used by the binding.

dupData
void* dupData(string key, GDuplicateFunc dupFunc, void* userData)

This is a variant of g_object_get_data() which returns a 'duplicate' of the value. dup_func defines the meaning of 'duplicate' in this context, it could e.g. take a reference on a ref-counted object.

dupQdata
void* dupQdata(GQuark quark, GDuplicateFunc dupFunc, void* userData)

This is a variant of g_object_get_qdata() which returns a 'duplicate' of the value. dup_func defines the meaning of 'duplicate' in this context, it could e.g. take a reference on a ref-counted object.

forceFloating
void forceFloating()

This function is intended for GObject implementations to re-enforce a floating[floating-ref] object reference. Doing this is seldom required: all GInitiallyUnowneds are created with a floating reference which usually just needs to be sunken by calling g_object_ref_sink().

freezeNotify
void freezeNotify()

Increases the freeze count on object. If the freeze count is non-zero, the emission of "notify" signals on object is stopped. The signals are queued until the freeze count is decreased to zero. Duplicate notifications are squashed so that at most one notify signal is emitted for each property modified while the object is frozen.

getData
void* getData(string key)

Gets a named field from the objects table of associations (see g_object_set_data()).

getProperty
void getProperty(string propertyName, Value value)

Gets a property of an object. value must have been initialized to the expected type of the property (or a type to which the expected type can be transformed) using Value.init.

getQdata
void* getQdata(GQuark quark)

This function gets back user data pointers stored via g_object_set_qdata().

getValist
void getValist(string firstPropertyName, void* varArgs)

Gets properties of an object.

getv
void getv(string[] names, Value[] values)

Gets n_properties properties for an object. Obtained properties will be set to values. All properties must be valid. Warnings will be emitted and undefined behaviour may result if invalid properties are passed in.

isFloating
bool isFloating()

Checks whether object has a floating[floating-ref] reference.

notify
void notify(string propertyName)

Emits a "notify" signal for the property property_name on object.

notifyByPspec
void notifyByPspec(ParamSpec pspec)

Emits a "notify" signal for the property specified by pspec on object.

doref
ObjectG doref()

Increases the reference count of object.

refSink
ObjectG refSink()

Increase the reference count of object, and possibly remove the floating[floating-ref] reference, if object has a floating reference.

removeToggleRef
void removeToggleRef(GToggleNotify notify, void* data)

Removes a reference added with g_object_add_toggle_ref(). The reference count of the object is decreased by one.

removeWeakPointer
void removeWeakPointer(ref void* weakPointerLocation)

Removes a weak reference from object that was previously added using g_object_add_weak_pointer(). The weak_pointer_location has to match the one used with g_object_add_weak_pointer().

replaceData
bool replaceData(string key, void* oldval, void* newval, GDestroyNotify destroy, out GDestroyNotify oldDestroy)

Compares the user data for the key key on object with oldval, and if they are the same, replaces oldval with newval.

replaceQdata
bool replaceQdata(GQuark quark, void* oldval, void* newval, GDestroyNotify destroy, out GDestroyNotify oldDestroy)

Compares the user data for the key quark on object with oldval, and if they are the same, replaces oldval with newval.

runDispose
void runDispose()

Releases all references to other objects. This can be used to break reference cycles.

setData
void setData(string key, void* data)

Each object carries around a table of associations from strings to pointers. This function lets you set an association.

setDataFull
void setDataFull(string key, void* data, GDestroyNotify destroy)

Like g_object_set_data() except it adds notification for when the association is destroyed, either by setting it to a different value or when the object is destroyed.

setProperty
void setProperty(string propertyName, Value value)

Sets a property on an object.

setQdata
void setQdata(GQuark quark, void* data)

This sets an opaque, named pointer on an object. The name is specified through a GQuark (retrived e.g. via g_quark_from_static_string()), and the pointer can be gotten back from the object with g_object_get_qdata() until the object is finalized. Setting a previously set user data pointer, overrides (frees) the old pointer set, using NULL as pointer essentially removes the data stored.

setQdataFull
void setQdataFull(GQuark quark, void* data, GDestroyNotify destroy)

This function works like g_object_set_qdata(), but in addition, a void (*destroy) (gpointer) function may be specified which is called with data as argument when the object is finalized, or the data is being overwritten by a call to g_object_set_qdata() with the same quark.

setValist
void setValist(string firstPropertyName, void* varArgs)

Sets properties on an object.

setv
void setv(string[] names, Value[] values)

Sets n_properties properties for an object. Properties to be set will be taken from values. All properties must be valid. Warnings will be emitted and undefined behaviour may result if invalid properties are passed in.

stealData
void* stealData(string key)

Remove a specified datum from the object's data associations, without invoking the association's destroy handler.

stealQdata
void* stealQdata(GQuark quark)

This function gets back user data pointers stored via g_object_set_qdata() and removes the data from object without invoking its destroy() function (if any was set). Usually, calling this function is only required to update user data pointers with a destroy notifier, for example:

thawNotify
void thawNotify()

Reverts the effect of a previous call to g_object_freeze_notify(). The freeze count is decreased on object and when it reaches zero, queued "notify" signals are emitted.

unref
void unref()

Decreases the reference count of object. When its reference count drops to 0, the object is finalized (i.e. its memory is freed).

watchClosure
void watchClosure(Closure closure)

This function essentially limits the life time of the closure to the life time of the object. That is, when the object is finalized, the closure is invalidated by calling Closure.invalidate on it, in order to prevent invocations of the closure with a finalized (nonexisting) object. Also, g_object_ref() and g_object_unref() are added as marshal guards to the closure, to ensure that an extra reference count is held on object during invocation of the closure. Usually, this function will be called on closures that use this object as closure data.

weakRef
void weakRef(GWeakNotify notify, void* data)

Adds a weak reference callback to an object. Weak references are used for notification when an object is finalized. They are called "weak references" because they allow you to safely hold a pointer to an object without calling g_object_ref() (g_object_ref() adds a strong reference, that is, forces the object to stay alive).

weakUnref
void weakUnref(GWeakNotify notify, void* data)

Removes a weak reference callback to an object.

clearObject
void clearObject(ref ObjectG objectPtr)

Clears a reference to a GObject

From AsyncInitableIF

getAsyncInitableStruct
GAsyncInitable* getAsyncInitableStruct(bool transferOwnership = false)

Get the main Gtk struct

getStruct
void* getStruct()

the main Gtk struct as a void*

getType
GType getType()
newValistAsync
void newValistAsync(GType objectType, string firstPropertyName, void* varArgs, int ioPriority, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Helper function for constructing GAsyncInitable object. This is similar to g_object_new_valist() but also initializes the object asynchronously.

newvAsync
void newvAsync(GType objectType, uint nParameters, GParameter* parameters, int ioPriority, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Helper function for constructing GAsyncInitable object. This is similar to g_object_newv() but also initializes the object asynchronously.

initAsync
void initAsync(int ioPriority, Cancellable cancellable, GAsyncReadyCallback callback, void* userData)

Starts asynchronous initialization of the object implementing the interface. This must be done before any real use of the object after initial construction. If the object also implements GInitable you can optionally call g_initable_init() instead.

initFinish
bool initFinish(AsyncResultIF res)

Finishes asynchronous initialization and returns the result. See g_async_initable_init_async().

newFinish
ObjectG newFinish(AsyncResultIF res)

Finishes the async construction for the various g_async_initable_new calls, returning the created object or NULL on error.

From DBusInterfaceIF

getDBusInterfaceStruct
GDBusInterface* getDBusInterfaceStruct(bool transferOwnership = false)

Get the main Gtk struct

getStruct
void* getStruct()

the main Gtk struct as a void*

getType
GType getType()
dupObject
DBusObjectIF dupObject()

Gets the GDBusObject that interface_ belongs to, if any.

getInfo
DBusInterfaceInfo getInfo()

Gets D-Bus introspection information for the D-Bus interface implemented by interface_.

getObject
DBusObjectIF getObject()

Gets the GDBusObject that interface_ belongs to, if any.

setObject
void setObject(DBusObjectIF object)

Sets the GDBusObject for interface_ to object.

From InitableIF

getInitableStruct
GInitable* getInitableStruct(bool transferOwnership = false)

Get the main Gtk struct

getStruct
void* getStruct()

the main Gtk struct as a void*

getType
GType getType()
init
bool init(Cancellable cancellable)

Initializes the object implementing the interface.

Meta

Since

2.26